What Is Ayurveda? Health Benefits & Balancing The 5 Doshas

What Is Ayurveda? Health Benefits & Balancing The 5 Doshas

Ayurveda is an ancient Indian medical system that takes a holistic approach to health and well-being. The five elemental forces that govern our physical and mental health create a distinct set of shareerika doshas (vata, pitta, Kapha) and manasika doshas (rajas, and tamas) with their own set of health benefits.

Everyone is experimenting with a holistic approach to health based on Ayurveda and its philosophy. But how many of us truly comprehend this ancient science?

Ayurveda emphasises self-care, by understanding our bodies. This management system is a 5,000-year-old healthcare system discovered in India, for preventing illness and maintaining well-being through a balance of body, mind, and soul.

But Ayurveda is more than just its dictionary definition or its 5,000+-year-old past!

If you're looking to learn about Ayurveda and its health benefits, look no further! This comprehensive guide will tell you everything you need to know about the 5 doshas and how Ayurveda can aid to improve your health.

Read on to find out how Ayurveda can benefit you!

Ayurveda is nature, and everything in nature is composed of the five elements—ether, air, fire, water, and earth—in varying proportions. As a result, by understanding these elements, we can determine the body's composition and learn how to use nature to keep ourselves healthy and in harmony.

How do doshas come into the picture?

Rajas and Tamas are the psychological doshas, while Vata, Pitta, and Kapha are represented as the physical doshas.

Let’s exclusively discuss the characteristics and highlights of each dosha?


  • Vata is associated with 'Gati,' or movement.
  • Involved in all aspects of bodily development and growth.
  • It is distinguished by its dry, rough, light, cool, down-to-earth, and versatile characteristics.
  • Bones, joints, sensory organs, brain, and nerve tissues are the primary sites.
  • Vata hours are 2 a.m. - 6 a.m.
  • During vata time, the nervous system is most active, resulting in daydreams and restlessness.


  • Pitta is associated with fire.
  • Absorption and digestion capacities are involved.
  • Slick, sharp, hot, light, moving, fluid, and acidic characteristics.
  • The small digestive tract, stomach, liver, spleen, pancreas, blood, eyes, and sweat are the main sites.
  • Pitta hours are from 10 p.m. to 2 a.m.
  • The Pitta period is when our digestive fire is at its peak.


  • Kapha is associated with building and shaping.
  • Involved in providing the body with the physical structure.
  • Damp, cool, substantial, dull, delicate, clingy, and static characteristics
  • Chest, throat, lungs, head, lymph, lymph tissue, connective tissue, tendons, and ligaments are the most common sites.
  • 6 a.m. to 10 p.m. is Kapha time.
  • The energy is heavier, slower, and denser during the Kapha period.


  • Rajas are energising psychological dosha.
  • Gives pleasure, but due to its unbalanced nature, it quickly leads to pain and suffering.
  • Creates a state of disequilibrium that disrupts an existing balance.


  • Tamas is an impulsive dosha.
  • Has a forbidding disposition, and is intellectual.
  • Repulsive in behaviour and dietetic habits.
  • Is lazy, devoted solely to the business of eating, and mentally deficient.

Ayurveda Dosha works as per the seasons and stages of life, carrying specific energy. To align with earth’s natural rhythms, we need to follow daily and seasonal regimes religiously.

Why is balance important?

Dosha is involved in the formation of Prakriti because it is an essential component of establishing and maintaining health. Any deviation in the normalcy of both physical and manasika doshas causes the onset of disease.

These five doshas work together to determine an individual's physiological and psychological balance and constitution. Every person has all five doshas (physical humour - vata, pitta, Kapha) and (psychological humour- Rajas, Tamas) in varying proportions, which are usually determined at conception and serve as the personal blueprint.


Ayurveda recognises the need to restore balance from within by returning the dosha fabrication to Prakriti, its natural starting point. This can be done by gently altering our way of life to bring us back into balance!

Read More:- Best Ayurvedic Supplements & Products

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