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A stroll in the garden makes one feel fresh and peaceful in the midst of nature. The mind becomes calm and centred and one feels energised.
Have you ever wondered why you are drawn to a beachside or a hill station?
We are made up of five elements - earth, water, fire, air and space. They are called the “Panchamahabhutas”. That is the reason why you feel better whenever you are surrounded by nature - like mountains, sea, river, forests etc.
In Ayurveda these five elements influence the three doshas or tridoshas - Vata, Pitta and Kapha. These doshas form our body constitution that is the nature or prakruti of an individual.
An Ayurvedic doctor identifies your body constitution by checking your pulse or nadi pariksha. By pulse check up, any imbalance in the doshas is detected.
Your prominent dosha is identified and and vikritis or imbalances in these doshas types are identified by nadi pariksha by an expert Ayurveda doctor.
This imbalance is corrected by following a healthy lifestyle, detox therapies, herbal medicines, and yoga exercise. The Ayurvedic doctor charts out this customised health plan for you according to your unique doshas.
According to Ayurveda there are three body types that arise from the five natural elements. These three body types are - Vata, Pitta and Kapha.
These doshas make us function well, they affect our personality type and basically run our mind-body functions efficiently.
Each dosha has particular characteristics. These doshas govern the way our mind and body work. Keeping them in a balance is very essential for your health and happiness.
Ayurveda helps you restore and maintain the balance of these three doshas. It helps you lead an active life and keeps your immunity levels high. It also helps maintain your physical, mental and emotional wellness.
Normally out of the three doshas of Vata, Pitta and Kapha one or two doshas are predominant in every individual. Each of these doshas can be identified with specific characteristics.
Let us explore the traits of three dosha and the three body types-
Vata dosha is formed by the air and space elements. It helps all the biological activities through your body. It is the energy that gives movement and governs communication.
Vata dosha even drives the other two doshas of Pitta and Kapha.
Vata is found in the lower abdominal area just below the navel region. It governs the colon, ear, brain, skin, bones, joints, thighs and nervous system.
Vata helps in kindling the digestive fire (fire element or Agni) in your body.
It makes movement in your body and mind possible. Some of the main functions of Vata element are - breathing, excreting, speaking, sensory impulses and pumping of blood.
These characteristics are found in the Vata body type:
Pitta dosha is ruled by the fire and water elements where fire element is predominant. It is responsible for keeping mind and body stable.
It gives vital energy to your body. Pitta dosha helps in assimilation, absorption and digestion of food, regulation of body heat and weakening the appetite. It helps create enzymes and amino acids that are essential to digest the food you eat.
Pitta dosha aids your ability to understand and think by keeping the neuropeptides and neurotransmitters healthy.
Pitta dosha is mainly related to your skin, eyes, stomach, small intestine, gallbladder, liver, spleen, sweat glands and body fat (in subcutaneous layer).
The major characteristics of Pitta body type are:
Kapha dosha is marked by a predominance of water and earth elements. Kapha helps in binding the cells of the body.
Kapha dosha helps in keeping your skin well moisturised, in keeping your bone joints well lubricated and in keeping your immunity levels high.
The body parts related to kapha are tendons, bones and muscles.
Individuals with Kapha body types have these characteristics:
The three doshas or Ayurveda body types have predominance of one or two of the doshas.
The possible dosha combinations are - Vata-Pitta, Pitta-Vata, Pitta-Kapha, Kapha-Pitta, Kapha-Vata, Vata-Kapha or Vata-Pitta-Kapha ( or Saamya) in which all three doshas occur together and are well balanced.
There are many factors that create the imbalance in the three dosha types.
The food you eat, the time at which you eat, changes in external climate, your stress levels, your pattern and quality of sleep, thinking, physical and mental work, hormonal changes amongst many others.
It is advisable to get your pulse checked or Nadi Pariksha done every month by an expert Ayurvedic doctor.
He/She will help you chart out your meal plan, herbal medicines or supplements, any therapies if required to balance out the dosha in time according to your body type.
If left unchecked these imbalances may cause serious mental and physical ailments which can be easily avoided.
Just follow a healthy and natural lifestyle according to your body constitution or your Ayurveda body type with which you are born to maintain well being and good health.
Know your body type and keep it well balanced to enjoy a happy, healthy and active life!
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