Yes. In fact, the larger your stone size, the more intense pain you may develop.
But you may find yourself wondering - with kidney stones where is the pain?
Typically, kidney stone pain is felt in the abdomen and pelvic region.
You may experience sudden pangs on the sides, back or around navel.
As the stone grows in size, it may interrupt the urinary process.
So, you may feel pain or irritation while passing urine too.
How do I know if I have kidney stones?
Before listing its symptoms, it is important to know how kidney stone is formed.
Kidney stones or calculi are hard lumps of minerals or salts that form around the renal tissues.
They may grow thicker, harder or sharper with time, thereby giving you a variety of kidney stone symptoms.
From pain in the abdomen region to urinary issues - you may experience disturbing physical ailments, such as:
Fever: Sustained at 100℉. May also lead to chills. Indicates kidney complications.
Nauseated feeling: Preceded by pain or digestive issues. Can cause repeated vomiting.
Pangs of pain: Commonly called renal colic. Kidney stone pain usually occurs around the back, abdomen or sides.
Urinary incontinence: May have pain during urination, frequent urges or difficulty in releasing urine.
Dark coloured urine: In severe cases, the urine may contain pus or blood. It requires immediate medical attention.
What are the main causes of kidney stones?
Despite their overwhelming signs, renal calculi aren’t so rare.
Improper diet, sedentary lifestyle and complicated diseases are three of the common kidney stone reasons.
Unbalanced diet: Consuming high amounts of free radicals or dietary minerals like oxalate and uric acid can lead to calculi formation. Their tiny molecules get stuck in the nephrons and inhibit blood purification.
Prolonged dehydration: Water helps to cleanse the blood of excess salts and impurities. When it is scanty, the impurities may get stuck in your kidneys.
Excessive animal proteins: Red meat and shellfish are known to increase uric acid concentration. Their regular consumption can deteriorate kidney health.
Chronic conditions: Obesity, IBS, Diabetes and gout are some of the lesser known kidney stones causes. They can double up the chances of recurrence of calculi.
Proactive chemicals: Certain hypertension, HIV and infection medicines contain artificial compounds that accumulate salts in the kidneys, thereby forming stones.
What is the most common type of renal calculi?
There are 6 kidney stone types and subtypes which are differentiated by their composition.
The physical symptoms produced by each of them can be similar, even though their growth rate is distinct.
Calcium oxalate: Oxalate is a compound produced by the liver and majorly found in plant-based foods. Following a strict vegetarian diet, consuming Vitamin D in high doses and neglecting metabolic disorders can increase calcium or oxalate concentration in the blood.
Calcium phosphate: Migraine medicines can lead to formation of such stones. They’re naturally developed in patients suffering with renal tubular acidosis.
Struvite stone: Lead by Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) causing bacteria. It is formed when the body starts accumulating ammonia in the kidneys.
Uric acid stone: Uric acid is a by-product of protein. It is formed when a person consumes excess proteins, scanty fluids or suffers from metabolic disorders. Excess uric acid can join together to form stones.
Cystine stone: Extremely rare. Developed in the people suffering with cystinuria.
Out of these, calcium oxalate stones are commonly found in 80% of patients.
The nature of your kidney stone medicine is determined by the type of salt which forms your calculi.
Is a kidney stone serious?
Kidney calculi (stones) are not considered a medical emergency.
In a majority of cases, they can be removed through dietary changes and oral medications.
But you may have to undergo stricter treatment if your kidney stone causes extreme pain, abdominal swelling or urinary issues.
Prolonged negligence of stones can also cause kidney infections, blockage or complete failure.
In certain patients, the stone may pass into the urethra, thereby blocking urine flow and causing unbearable sting.
In such cases, surgery becomes the only kidney stone removal alternative.
What is the best treatment for kidney stones?
There are a variety of kidney stone treatments available today.
They include dietary modification, allopathic medicines, herbal remedies and surgery.
The right choice of treatment is determined by the stone size, its composition and the physical symptoms you are experiencing.
Mindful diet: Consume high fibre, less protein and vitamin rich diet. Excess consumption of fluids is also recommended. It may take 2-4 weeks to pass the stone through urine.
Painkillers and salt-blockers: OTC pills like ibuprofen, Calcium channel blockers, Potassium citrate or Sodium citrate are suggested to reduce the pain and break the stone into small pieces.
Small incision surgery: Medical devices are used to break and remove small to medium sized stones from the kidney tubes. Incision is usually made on the back.
Shock wave lithotripsy (SWL): High frequency sound waves are directed onto the stone. They dissolve large lumps, clear blockages and ease removal of stones through urine.
Ureteroscopy: A thin medical scope is passed into the ureter to suck out small stones and break bigger ones into pieces.
Open surgery: Rarely used. It requires thorough operation. Usually used for extremely large sized stones. Recovery takes 1-2 months.
Natural treatment: Kidney stone Ayurvedic medicine is an incision-free method to pass stones. It can curb both immediate and long term impacts of calculi.
Ayurveda follows a holistic approach to dissolve kidney stones, including diet, herbs and physical exercise.
Therefore, it is considered as the best alternative treatment for renal stones.
What are the top 5 kidney stone natural remedies?
Lemon water: Lemon contains high levels of citrate, which breaks down calcium stones. All strategies of kidney stone treatment without surgery are incomplete without this remedy!
Holy Basil water: Drink it up as a tea, smoothie, juice or decoction, Holy basil is rich in antioxidants and anti-inflammatory agents that relieve renal colic and prevent stone formation.
Apple Cider Vinegar: Add 2 tablespoon of ACV to one glass of water. Drink it every day to get the right amount of acetic acid you need to flush out stones and their allied symptoms.
Pomegranate juice: It is known to promote kidney functions, prevent stone recurrence and relieve the after-effects of stones on your digestive system. Drink it as much as you can every day!
Kidney bean extracts: The most unmissable item from traditional kidney stones diet is kidney beans. Just boil them up and drink their water extracts throughout the day to normalize kidney functions.
How can I ease the pain of kidney stones?
Epsom salt bath: Take a warm bath with some epsom salt. It helps to soothe the mind and body. Gives short term, but effective relief.
Heating pad: Pour some lukewarm water in a heating bag or bottle. Place it on the kidney stone pain area for 20 minutes..
Green tea: Drink it throughout the day or in the morning to soothe inflammation of soft tissues.
Avoid irritants: Reduce intake of alcohol, nicotine, caffeine and tobacco. They can aggravate the pangs of pain.
Citrus delight: Drink at least one glass of citrus-rich beverage like cranberry juice. They’re the best remedy where kidney stone pain is concerned.
What should I not eat in kidney stones?
Salty and sweet items: Processed items, street food, baked snacks and fried goods are on the top of every list of kidney stone foods to avoid. They contain sodium which speeds up accumulation of calcium in the urine.
Animal proteins: It is best to avoid all kinds of meat including, eggs, fish, pork, and beef, since they may shoot up your uric acid levels.
Oxalate sources: Restrict your intake of high oxalate items like peanuts, spinach and rhubarb.
Soft drinks and alcohol: Not only do these beverages contain bladder irritants, they’re equally filled with sugars/free radicals that harm nephrons.
What size of kidney stone requires surgery?
The size of the calculi makes a lot of difference to how kidney stone is removed.
For instance, a stone between 1 to 5 mm in size is easy to dissolve with dietary regulations.
While, one ranging from 0.5 to less than 10 mm in diameter may need additional medications or herbal supplements.
Usually, stones above 0.5 centimeters are recommended to be removed through surgery.
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